Ernst Haeckel and Gabriel Max

 The Apotheosis of the Development of Man, 

illustrated portfolio, 1906


Ernst Haeckel and Gabriel Max

Apotheose des Entwickelungsgedankens [Apotheosis of the Development of Man]



illustrated portfolio

37,1 x 28,1 cm (14 5/8 x 11 1/16 in.)

publisher: F.E.W. Koehler, Gera-Untermhaus

Exhibition History:

"Gabriel von Max: Be-tailed Cousins and Phantasms of the Soul," Frye Art Museum, Seattle, July 9-Oct. 30, 2011


Publication History:

Jo-Anne Birnie Danzker, ed., Gabriel von Max (Seattle: Frye Art Museum, 2011), ill. 83, pg. 104.

view of portfolio cover:
This portfolio, published in 1906 as a collaboration between Ernst Haeckel and Gabriel von Max, attests to their close intellectual relationship.  Haeckel, who met Charles Darwin in the 1860’s, was the scientist most responsible for introducing Darwin’s theories of evolution to German audiences and to Gabriel von Max in particular, beginning with his seminal textbook Anthropogenie [The Evolution of Man], published in 1874.  

The Daulton Collection owns some significant materials relating to Ernst Haeckel.  This material includes, among other items, an original watercolor by Haeckel depicting a coral reef that was an illustration for his book Arabische Korallen [Arabian Coral] (1876), constituting one of the first scientifically accurate depictions of a coral reef; another original watercolor by Haeckel, this one, from 1900, depicting a sublime jungle scene in Java; an autograph draft manuscript of Haeckel's Indische Reisebriefe [Indian Travel Letters] (1882); a signed silver-bromide photograph of Haeckel dated 1896; an iconic portrait of Haeckel holding a human skull and standing next to a skeleton of a gibbon (1904) by photographer Nicola Perscheid; two other nice portraits of Haeckel, including a charming etching, dated 1901, by Emil Orlik, showing Haeckel returning from Java on a ship, and a lithograph by Ismael Gentz, dated 1902; and a first edition of the Haeckel's provocatively-illustrated Anthropogenie. 


Jack Daulton

The Daulton Collection

Los Altos Hills, California