Gabriel von Max

 

Traviata,

oil on canvas, 1893

 

"Traviata" 

(Portrait of the courtesan Violetta from Verdi's opera La traviata [The Fallen Woman])

                                               

 oil on canvas

 1893

 83,5 x 66,5 cm 

 signed 



This beautiful painting is a portrait of the courtesan Violetta from Verdi's opera La traviata [The Fallen Woman], resting in her bed chamber as she suffers from tuberculosis that will ultimately take her life.  Her tragic fate is symbolized by the moth (probably a death's-head hawkmoth) that von Max places conspicuously to her right, as well as by the disintegrating camellia and the timepiece that she holds.

 

 

Provenance


Sammlung [Collection] Heinrich Neumann, Munich


Auction of Sammlung Heinrich Neumann, Dorotheum, Vienna, 22-24 February 1904, Cat. Nr. 96


Auction, C. J. Wawra, Vienna, 17. November 1913, No. 84


Private collection, Vienna

Exhibition History:

1893     Internationalen Kunst-Ausstellung des Vereins bildender Künstler Münchens (A.V.) "Secession."  This was the first exhibition of the Munich Secession (which actually took place in Berlin at the Landesausstellungsgebäude am Lehrter Bahnhof).

1894     Akademischen Kunst-Ausstellung zu Dresden.  This was the first exhibition of the Dresden Secession.

1896     Galerie Mikuláš (Nikolaus) Lehmann, Prague.  (See Michal Šimek, "Gabriel Max a Praha" ["Gabriel Max and Prague"], thesis, Univerzita Karlova, Prague, 2009, pg. 83.)

1896     Kunstverein für Böhmen (Krasoumná jednota), Rudolfinum, Prague.  See Šimek at pg. 85.

1905     Kunstverein für Böhmen (Krasoumná jednota), Rudolfinum, Prague.  See Šimek at pg. 85.

Publication History


Offizieller Katalog Internationalen Kunst-Ausstellung des Vereins bildender Künstler Münchens (A.V.) "Secession" (Munich: A. Bruckmann's Verlag, 1893), referenced without illustration as catalogue no. 368 at pg. 22 and marked as "for sale."


Illustrirter Katalog der Akademischen Kunst-Ausstellung zu Dresden (Dresden: C. C. Meinhold & Söhne, 1894), referencedwithout illustration as catalogue no. 274 at pg. 22 and marked as "for sale."


Friedrich von Boetticher, Malerwerke des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts, 4 volumes, Third, unchanged reprinting, (Hofheim am Taunus: H. Schmidt & C. Günther, 1979) (initially Fr. v. Boetticher's Verlag, Dresden 1891–1901), here volume one, second half, p. 99, no. 152 (referenced without illustration).


Michal Šimek, "Gabriel Max a Praha" ["Gabriel Max and Prague"], thesis, Univerzita Karlova, Prague, 2009, pg. 83 (referenced without illustration).


Aleš  Filip and Roman Musil, eds., Gabriel von Max (1840-1915) (Plzni, Czech Republic: Arbor Vitae and Západoceská galerie v Plzni, 2011), p. 217, ill. 288.

Contact:

Jack Daulton

The Daulton Collection

info@gabrielvonmax.com